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Allergy: The body’s involuntary reaction to a substance or organism
Alveolar Bone: The bone surrounding the roots of the teeth
Amalgam: The most used material in fillings; also known as silver filling; made from a mixture of mercury (approximately 50%), silver, tin, copper and zinc
Analgesia: Temporary loss of pain sensation
Anesthesia: Absence of pain sensation; numbing the tooth with local anesthesia; In general anesthesia, the patient is completely unconscious.
ANUG: Abbreviation for Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis;
Apex: The tip of the tooth root
Apical Resection: Surgical removal of the root tip of the tooth after a good root canal treatment to treat an infection at the root tip.
Abscess: Local infection of the tooth or gum
Wear: The loss of tooth structure due to tooth grinding, wrong biting, a hard toothbrush or poor brushing technique

Biopsy: Taking a small piece of tissue from here to determine whether it is diseased
Regional Anesthesia: Creating regional numbness by anesthetizing with local anesthesia from the exit point of the nerve that affects a certain part of the body
Bruxism: Teeth grinding and clenching caused by the activity of the chewing muscles at night and/or during the day.

Cavitron: A dental instrument that uses high frequency waves to clean dental calculus
Caries: Deterioration in tooth structure caused by acid produced by bacteria

Dentin: The hard, semi-living layer inside the tooth (the layer just below the outer enamel layer)
Teeth Whitening: The process applied to lighten the color of the teeth
Tooth Decay: Tooth decay or cavities
Gingival Inflammation: See. Fistula
Braces: The tool used by orthodontists to gradually shape the teeth correctly
Filling: Completing the tooth structure that is lost due to caries or any other reason with materials such as porcelain, amalgam, composite
Drainage: The process of removing an abscess from the body tooth

Endodontist: The specialist dentist dealing with root canal treatment

Fissur Sealent: Filling material that is applied to the recesses on the teeth (fissures) and hardened by radiation, in order to prevent caries in deciduous and permanent molars
Fistula: The area where the infection that occurs in the jawbone opens into the oral cavity
Flap operation: The name of a periodontal operation
Frenectomy: Removal of the frenum, the thin tissue beam that connects the upper or lower lips to the gums or tongue under the mouth

Night Protective Plate (Night Plaque):  Aperture made of orthodontic acrylic in order to protect the teeth and jaw joints of patients with bruxism
General Anesthesia: The controlled state of unconsciousness in order to lose the feeling of pain, protective reflexes, and response to physical and verbal effects.
Gingiva: Gums
Gingivectomy: Removal of gum tissue
Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gum tissue
Gtr: Oriented texture generation

Removable Prosthesis: Removable prosthesis that replaces missing teeth

Secondary dentin: The structure produced by the pulp in response to tooth sensitivity implant
Biting: How the upper and lower teeth come together; also known as occlusion

Jaket: The crown worn on the anterior teeth, which is usually made of porcelain

Veneer: Plastic or porcelain surface bonded directly on the tooth to improve the appearance of a tooth. See laminate.
Bone loss: Loss in bones that support the roots of the teeth; known consequence of gum disease
Cyst: Liquid-filled sac
Root: The tooth structure that connects the tooth to the jaw
Canine Teeth: The upper and lower four canines
Bridge: Prosthesis made by taking support from neighboring teeth to replace one or more lost teeth
Curettage: Removal of dead inner tissue in the gum pocket
Crown: It has two meanings: (1) The part of the tooth covered with enamel, (2) Restoration of all or a significant part of the natural tooth above the gum line

Malocclusion: ‘Bad bite’ or defective closure of the upper and lower teeth
Maryland Bridge: the bridge that is bonded by supporting only the back surfaces of the adjacent teeth
Maxilla: Upper jaw
Enamel: Hard tissue covering the dental crown (above the gum line)
Molar: The general name of the six-twelve and twenty-year-old teeth in the mouth

Oral surgery: Oral surgical procedures; for example, tooth extraction, cleaning of cysts and tumors, and repair of broken jawbone
Oral hygiene: The process of ensuring oral hygiene
Oral and Maxillofacial Operator: Specialist who deals with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries and deteriorations in the mouth and supporting structures Generally, it requires four years of additional training after dentistry.
Orthodontics: The field of dentistry that treats shape and position disorders of teeth and inter-jaw relations

Thrush: Whitish, usually round mouth sore that lasts for ten to fourteen days
Paresthesia: Loss of sensation in a part of the body
Eruption: The process of teeth appearing from the work of the gums
Pedodontics: The specialty of dentistry focused on the treatment of children
Periodontist: The specialist who treats the gums and structures that support the teeth
Plaque: The soft, sticky substance that accumulates on the teeth; it consists of bacteria in saliva and food residues
Placebo: Treatment based on the improvement of a disease not by physical treatment, but because the patient believes in the treatment.
Porcelain crown(veneer): A thin layer of porcelain adhered to the front or top of the tooth in order to change or repair the color and/or shape of a front tooth
Post: A thin metal, fiber or titanium rod inserted into the root canals of the tooth after a root canal treatment; Support for the “core” made of the material used to replace the lost tooth structure
Post-Core: A post and material that replaces the lost tooth structure
Post-Crown: Singular structure combining post-core and crown
Prognosis: Probable outcome of a treatment
Prophylaxis: Method to protect tooth health and prevent tooth infection
Prostodonist: A dentist who specializes in correcting teeth, replacing missing teeth with bridges and prostheses, and providing normal occlusion.
Prosthesis: Artificial replacement of lost organs in the body
Pulp: Nerves, blood vessels and connective tissues in the inner structure of the tooth
Pulp Chamber: The center or innermost part of the tooth where the pulp is located
Pulp Cap: Mediced coating covering a small part of the exposed pulp
Pulpectomy: Complete removal of pulp from children’s teeth
Pulpitis: Pulp inflammation; a major cause of toothache
Pulpotomy: Removal of pulp
Pyorrhea: General name of gum disease

Reimplantation: The process of repositioning the tooth to be treated after it is treated outside the oral environment
Restoration: The corrected part of a damaged tooth
Ruber Dam: Soft latex cover used to protect one or more teeth from moisture and to prevent anything from going to the back of the throat

Black Hairy Tongue: Growth of papillae on the tongue
Milk Teeth: Baby teeth
Süyek: Combining two or more teeth to form a single stronger structure

Full Denture: Removable prosthesis used to replace all upper or lower teeth
Tartar: Also known as dental calculus; hard buildup that sticks to the teeth and contains bacteria and minerals
Cleaning: Generally, removing plaque and calculus from teeth above the gum line
Tmd: Temperomandibular disorder; a condition characterized by facial pain and limited mobility in opening/moving the jaw
Tmj Disorder: A condition characterized by facial pain and limited range of motion in opening/moving the jaw.. ​​A condition related to the discomfort of the jaw joint
Tmj: Temporomandibular joint; the point where the lower jaw meets the skull base
Transplant: Placing the person’s natural tooth in the extraction cavity of a tooth
Trauma: Injuries caused by punches, chemicals, extreme temperatures or poor tooth structure
Salivary glands: Located under the tongue and cheeks and produce saliva
Saliva ejector: Suction tube placed in the mouth during treatment to draw saliva
Saliva: Colorless liquid containing water in the mouth, enzymes, bacteria, mucus, viruses, blood cells and undigested food particles

Sleep Apnea: Periodical cessation or delay in breathing during sleep
Upper Prosthesis: Prosthesis of the upper jaw

Bonding: Tooth-colored resin, which is often applied to change the shape or color of a tooth on the front teeth or for the purpose of repairing
Placeholder: Dental appliances that protect the space between the permanent teeth in case of premature loss of baby teeth
Wisdom Teeth: The third molar tooth, which usually erupts between the ages of 18-25
Managed Care: The program in which patient-dentist meetings and dentist payments are managed by a separate external organization

Xerostomia: Dry mouth


Ahmet Yesevi Mah. Piknik Cad.
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