Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders mainly affect the younger generation but can widely be seen in any age in the society. Sometimes the only symptom of these disorders are crepitation without any clinical symptoms or clicking sounds that last for many years; but mostly temporomandibular problems are characterized by pain and trismus.
TMJ diseases (Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome) are characterized by a wide range of symptoms from tinnitus, headache, clicking and crepitation to trismus and jaw locking. As a consequence, patients seek treatment in multiple irrelevant branches such as ENT, neurology, maxillofacial surgery and physiotherapy. However, multidisciplinary approaches may be insufficient without an occlusion and vertical dimension assessment by a prosthodontist and an orthodontist.
TMJ is the only joint type that is able to make a rotation and protrusion at the same time. Patients with TMJ Dysfunction Syndrome mainly have pain in the joint area as well as clicking and crepitation sounds in the joint, sensitivity in the muscles and headache and jawbone movement limitations. Muscle problems can affect the temporomandibular joint; Similarly joint and tooth problems can affect the surrounding tissues, especially muscles.
Treatment options for TMJ diseases include;
- Occlusal Splint Treatment
- Pharmacological Treatment
These treatments are applied by the oral and maxillofacial experts in our clinic in accordance with the indications and needs of each individual patient.